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Cultural Routes | Cultural Routes of Georgia | Jewish Heritage Cultural Routes in Georgia
Jewish Heritage Cultural Routes in Georgia

Jewish Heritage Cultural Routes in Georgia

The Georgian Jews diaspora is antique. It is an ethno linguistic group of the Jewish people Jews appeared and settled down in Georgia, after destruction of the rst temple by Nabukhodonosor (586 B.C) and after their persecution from Jerusalem. The language of Georgian Jews in Kartli, Lechkhumi, Racha and Akhaltsikhe was dierent from the local Georgian dialects, and only in Imereti (Kutaisi, Sachkhere, Kulashi) was founded the Georgian-Jewish language ”Kivruli”, which contained a small radius of Jewish and Aramaic linguistic formations. The Jewish heritage tour shows the whole history of the Jews in Georgia, by passing through 21 towns and 43 Jewish heritage locations in whole Georgia: Synagogues, Jewish monuments having status of cultural heritage, museums, graves and Jewish archaeology artifacts


Tbilisi is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, Founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I Gorgasali, where the First Congress of Caucasus Zionists was held in. Tbilisi has a Jewish population of about 1500 out of a general population of 1.5 million.


Great-Synagogue.jpgGREAT SYNAGOGUE

The building, also known as the Georgian Synagogue, was built from 1895 to 1903 in an eclectic style by Georgian Jews from Akhaltsikhe who migrated to Tbilisi in the late 19th century, thus the synagogue is also called “synagogue of the people of Akhaltsikhe”.


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia1.jpgTBILISI SYNAGOGUE

Tbilisi second synagogue was built by the Jews of Tshinvali at 13 Kozhevennyi Tupik Street. 


Israeli-House.jpgISRAELI HOUSE

Israeli House was opened in Tbilisi on November 2, 2013. Opening of the Israeli House was attended by the members of the Israel and Georgian Governments, and members of the ILC (International Leadership Committee).

The House was opened by the auspices of the Israeli Prime Minister, and founded by the president of the Israel-Georgia Chamber of Business Mr. Itsik Moshe.


Georgian-National-Museum.jpgGEORGIAN NATIONAL MUSEUM

The Georgian National Museum unifies several leading museums in Georgia. It was established within the framework of structural, institutional, and legal reforms aimed at modernizing the management of the institutions united within this network, and at coordinating research and educational activities.


Georgian-National-Centre-of-Manuscripts.jpgGEORGIAN NATIONAL CENTRE OF MANUSCRIPTS 

The Georgian National Centre of Manuscripts, located in Tbilisi, Georgia, is a repository of ancient manuscripts, of historical documents and of the private archives of eminent public figures, where is kept The Lailashi Bible, The manuscript is written on the thoroughly worked parchment on both sides and is tied together as a book. The bible represents five books of Moses', which is followed with the respective commentaries. It was found in the village lailashi, Lechkhumi region, Georgia.



The David Baazov Museum of History of Jews of Georgia is a museum of the Jewish history and culture in Tbilisi, Georgia. it was officially founded by the order of People's Commissariat of Education of Georgia on November 23, 1933, under the title 'Jewish


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia.jpgAVLABARI GRAVEYARD


Archeological-Museum-of-Mtskheta.jpgARCHEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF MTSKHETA

The Armazi Bilingual is kept in the Archeological Museum of Mtskheta. The bilingual Greco-Aramaic tombstone inscription commemorating the short-lived Serapita and her noble lineage. It contains an unusual, in its ductus and some of its forms, version of the Aramaic alphabet which came to be known as the "Armazi script" although it can also be found outside Armazi, in other parts of Georgia.



Akhaltsikhe is a small city in Georgia's southwestern region of Samtskhe-Javakheti. It has an old history of Jews in Akhaltsikhe. There are two synagogues and the Jewish graveyard.


Akhaltsikhe-Active-Synagogue.jpgAKHALTSIKHE ACTIVE SYNAGOGUE

Akhaltsikhe active synagogue was built in 1863.


Akhaltsikhe-Synagogue.jpgAKHALTSIKHE SYNAGOGUE

The Akhaltsikhe Synagogue of the Georgian Jews, built in 1905, consists of two large halls. The upper hall which has a women's gallery is sumptuously decorated with geometrical motifs. The spacious lower hall is used by men for daily prayer services and has no women's section.


graveyard-in-akhaltsikhe.jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN AKHALTSIKHE



Batumi is the second largest city of Georgia. A Jewish community was established there in 1878 after the town was incorporated into Russia. By 1897 there were 1,179 Jews living in Batumi. The Jewish population numbered 3,700 in 1923 (6.1% of the total population) and 1,778 in 1939 (2,54% of the total population).


Batumi-Synagogue.jpgBATUMI SYNAGOGUE

The Batumi Synagogue is a synagogue in Batumi, Adjara, Georgia. It was built by Semyon Vulkovich in 1904.


Batumi-Old-Synagogue.jpgBATUMI OLD SYNAGOGUE


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN BATUMI



Kutaisi is the legislative town of Georgia, and its 3rd most populous city. Jews lived mainly in the north-east of the city – Kutaisi, on the left bank of the river Rioni. This place was called street Shaumyani. This area was settled more compact by Jews than the other ones. As time passed, most of the Jews left Kutaisi for their historic homeland. A small number of the remaining Jewish families do not live so compact, and you can rarely hear that particular speech characterizing Georgian Jews. But it can be heard in the speech of Georgians who continue to live on the street Shaumyani and it will still be heard for many years in this area.


Synagogue-Mtsvanekvavila-Street.jpgSYNAGOGUE MTSVANEKVAVILA STREET

The synagogue was built in 1885 and it is located at the Gaponov Street 57-59.


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia1-(1).jpgKUTAISI SECOND SYNAGOGUE


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia1-(1).jpgKUTAISI THIRD SYNAGOGUE  



Lailashi is a village in Georgia, in Racha Lechkhumi and Svaneti. Lailashi has long been known by the Georgian Jews living there according to historians in the beginning of the twentieth century, there lived more than 1,200 grown-up Jews.


Lailashi-Synagogue.jpgLAILASHI SYNAGOGUE 

Lailashi Synagogue is an old Synagogue where was kept Lailashi Bible.





Lagodekhi is located in eastern Georgia and lies in the heart of Georgian wine country. Lagodekhi is renowned for its natural beauty and most notably the Lagodekhi Nature Reserve. There you can find Jewish graveyard.


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN TCHIAURI



Gori is a city in eastern Georgia, which serves as the regional capital of Shida Kartli and the center of the homonymous administrative district. The name is from Georgian gora, that is, "heap", or "hill". The city has an old history about the Jews in Gori, there is one big synagogue and Jewish graveyard.


Gori-Synagogue.jpgGORI SYNAGOGUE

Gori Synagogue was built in XX century.


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN GORI 



Kareli is a town in Shida Kartli, Georgia. There you can find Kareli Synagogue. It was built in XIX century and the Jewish graveyard.


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia1-(1).jpgKARELI SYNAGOGUE


It was built in XIX century.







Khashuri is a town in the central part of Georgia and is the 9th largest settlement in Georgia. There is Surami Synagogue – located in Surami, so called Jewish's suburb and the Jewish graveyard.


Surami-Synagogue.jpgSURAMI SYNAGOGUE

Surami Synagogue – located in Surami, so called Jewish`s suburb, Date of built is unknown. 


surami-jewish-graveyard.jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN SURAMI




Atskuri is a village, in the Samtskhe-Javakheti region. There you can find Jewish Graveyard fragments in Atskuri.


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD PRAGMENTS IN ATSKURI



Oni is a town in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region, Georgia. In old times there lived a lot of Jews families. Despite a post-Soviet tendency towards migration, Oni still retains a small number of Jewish families - remnants of once powerful and large historic Jewish community.


Oni-Synagogue.jpgONI SYNAGOGUE

The synagogue was built in 1895 in an eclectic style. It's Georgia’s third largest synagogue after the Great Synagogue of Tbilisi and the synagogue of Kutaisi.


Jewish-Graveyard-in-onii.jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN ONI



Sachkhere is a town at the northern edge of the Imereti Province in western Georgia. It is the center of the Sachkhere Municipality. There you can find not active synagogue and the Jewish graveyard.


Sachkhere-Synagogue.jpgSACHKHERE SYNAGOGUE

Sachkhere Old Synagogue is not active now.


Jewish-Graveyard-in-Sachkhere.jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN SACHKHERE



Vani is a town in Imereti region of western Georgia. In the town is a Synagogue, which was built in XIX century and the Jewish graveyard.


Vani-Synagogue.jpgVANI SYNAGOGUE

Vani Synagogue was built in XIX century.


Jewish-Graveyard-in-Vani.jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN VANI



Kulashi is a small town in Imereti. The town had formerly been a home to one of the largest Georgian Jewish community, whose size has significantly decreased due to several waves of Jewish expatriation to Israel.


Kulashi-Old-Assembly-Building.jpgKULASHI. OLD ASSEMBLY BUILDING

Kulashi Synagogue was built in XVIII century


Kulashi-Second-Synagogue.jpgKULASHI SECOND SYNAGOGUE


Jewish-Graveyard-in-Kulashi.jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN KULASHI



Abasha is a town in western Georgia. There you can find Abasha Synagogue, which was built in XIX century and the Jewish graveyard in Sujuna.


Abasha-Synagogue.jpgABASHA SYNAGOGUE

Abasha Synagogue was built in XIX century.


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN SUJUNA



Bandza is a village located in the west part of Georgia. In the second half of 18th century Jewish people started to live in the west part of Georgia. At the beginning of 20th century they built a synagogue in the Jewish district of Bandza. There is also Jewish cemetery near the synagogue. The synagogue is not active today but many Jewish people visit it very often.


Bandza-Synagogue.jpgBANDZA SYNAGOGUE 

Bandza Synagogue was built in XX centyru, now its closed.


Jewish-Graveyard-in-Bandza.jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN BANDZA



Senaki is a town in Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region, western Georgia. There is a Senaki Synagogue, that was built in 1969 and the Jewish graveyard. 


Senaki-Synagogue.jpgSENAKI SYNAGOGUE 

Senaki Synagogue was build in 1969.


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgJEWISH GRAVEYARD IN SENAKI 



Poti is a port city in Georgia, located on the eastern Black Sea coast in the region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti in the west of the country. In the city you can find not active Poti Synagogue, which was built in 1903.


Poti-Synagogue.jpgPOTI SYNAGOGUE 

Poti is a port city in Georgia, located on the eastern Black Sea coast in the region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti in the west of the country. In the city you can find not active Poti Synagogue, which was built in 1903.



Sukhumi or Sokhumi is a city on the Black Sea coast. It is the capital of the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia. Now this territory is occupied by Russia. As the 1897 census results indicate, there were also many Ashkenazi Jews in Sukhumi. A synagogue was built in the first decade of the 20th century. In Soviet times, the Jewish population of Abkhazia increased greatly, but the Sukhumi Jewish community remained the largest in Abkhazia. According to the 1926 census, there were about 1,100 Jews in Abkhazia, most of them Ashkenazi or Georgian. 





Tskhinval is the capital of South Ossetia, a disputed region in Georgia. Now this territory is occupied and has been recognized as an independent Republic by Russia. Tskhinvali was known for its sizable Georgian Jewish population, where the community had its own quarter. According to the Soviet censuses of 1926 and 1939 there were about 2000 Jews in South Ossetia, all but a few in Tskhinvali, today only one Jew remains in South Ossetia, a single elderly woman living in Tskhinvali.


Tskhinvali-Synagogue.jpgTSKHINVALI SYNAGOGUE


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgDAMPALO GRAVEYARD


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgRUSSIAN JEWES GRAVEYARD


Jewish-Heritage-Cultural-Routes-in-Georgia-(1).jpgNADIKVARI GRAVEYARD



Mtskheta is an old capital of Georgia, this is the place where Jews appeared and settled down, after destruction of the first temple by Nabukhodonosor (586 B.C) and after their persecution from Jerusalem.


Jewish Heritage in Georgia 

Jewish Heritage 

Info about Israeli House - member of The European Association for the Preservation and Promotion of Jewish Culture and Heritage (AEPJ), which is working under the auspices of Council of Europe.

Abkhazia Adjara Guria Imereti Kakheti Kvemo Kartli Mtskheta - Mtianeti Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Samtskhe-Javakheti Shida Kartli Samegrelo – Zemo Svaneti Tbilisi

Cultural Routes of Georgia

Cultural Routes of Georgia supports the promotion and popularization of Georgia’s historic and cultural values, as well as the creation of new initiatives and innovative projects in the field of culture and cultural tourism.